Review - What is Subtraction?

In 1st grade, you learned that **subtraction **is taking away from a number.

Pictures and stories can help you understand subtraction better.

Imagine you have 7 oranges.

You give away 2 oranges.

How many oranges are left?

To figure out the answer, you subtract!

You are left with 5 oranges.

You can write this problem as:

7 - 2 = 5

We read it as "*7 minus 2 equals 5*".

Each number and sign in a **subtraction equation **has a special name.

Take a look!

The** minuend** is the number that you are taking away from. This is the larger number.

The** subtrahend** is the number that is being taken away. This is the smaller number.

The **difference** is the answer to the subtraction problem. It's what's left.

😺 **Tip for remembering:**

This is an example of a **subtraction equation**:

5 - 4 = 1

It has a minuend, a subtrahend, a minus sign, an equal sign, and a difference.

The **minuend **always comes before the **subtrahend**.

Try to solve this:

9 - 2 =?

You can use a number line to figure out the answer.

From 9, move 2 steps backward.

What's the answer?

That's right! It's 7.

You've done a good job.

Try the practice exercises to test yourself! 🎉 😀

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