Jump to content
Chapala.com Webboard


  • Posts

  • Joined

  • Last visited

  • Days Won


Posts posted by AlanMexicali


    AMLO raised it substantially and most likely will again. He also dropped the GDP substantially and likely will continue to do so.  His health plan INSABI, which replaced the Seguro Popular, is a total failure and his proposed Bienestar health plan is going to be a farse also like it is since he dumped the Seguro Popular. 40,000,000 previously insured  low income Mexicans do not use INSABI it is so bad but used the Seguro Popular before AMLO destroyed it.

    "In 2021, the national debt in Mexico was around 57.63 percent of the GDP.
    Mexico: National debt from 2017 to 2027 in relation to gross domestic product (GDP)
    Characteristic National debt in percent of GDP
    2020 60.3%
    2019 53.32%
    2018 53.65%
    2017 53.96%
    7 more rows
    • Thanks 1
  2. On 6/9/2022 at 7:55 AM, Mainecoons said:



    "Why People Believe in Conspiracy Theories

    Conspiracy theories attempt to explain significant events and circumstances as the malevolent acts of secret and powerful groups (Douglas et al., 2017; Douglas et al., 2019). The psychological literature on this topic has grown rapidly in the past 15 years, and suggests that people are drawn to conspiracy theories when important psychological needs are not being met. The first set of needs are epistemic, including the desire to satisfy curiosity and avoid uncertainty. For example, research has linked conspiracy beliefs with the search for patterns and meaning even when no such patterns exist (van Prooijen et al., 2018), and with lower levels of education (Douglas et al., 2016). The second set of needs are existential, including the desire to restore a threatened sense of security and control (see also Kruglanski et al., 2021, for further discussion of threats to self). For instance, people are more likely to believe conspiracy theories when they are anxious or worried (Grzesiak-Feldman, 2013), and when they feel that they have no power (Abalakina-Paap et al., 1999). The third set of needs are social, including the desire to hold one’s self and one’s groups in positive regard. For instance, people are more likely to believe in conspiracy theories if they need to feel unique compared to others (Lantian et al., 2017), feel a need to belong (Graeupner & Coman, 2017), or feel that their group is underappreciated (Cichocka et al., 2016) or under threat (Jolley et al., 2018).

    During a pandemic, people’s psychological needs are likely to be particularly frustrated. Uncertainties are high, and people are worried and fearful for their future and the future of their loved ones. They are seeking information to answer important questions about the outlook for the coming months. Furthermore, the information landscape is complex, and people are frequently confronted with contradictory information. One week people are asked to “eat out to help out” local restaurants, and the next they are being asked to stay indoors. Also, people have endured (and in many cases are still enduring) lengthy periods of social isolation, restricting their access to social support that can help with both physical and mental health (Jetten et al., 2017). They are also worried that the actions of powerful outgroups such as governments are making things worse. In general, too, research suggests that conspiracy theories tend to prosper in times of crisis as people look for ways to cope with difficult and uncertain circumstances (van Prooijen & Douglas, 2017). The time is therefore ripe for conspiracy theories to flourish.

    Consequences of Conspiracy Theories

    Conspiracy theories are consequential, and in many studies have been linked to climate denial, vaccine refusal, political apathy, apathy in the workplace, prejudice, crime, and violence (see Douglas et al., 2019, for a review; see also Rutjens et al., 2021, for further discussion on science skepticism). Recent research suggests that conspiracy theories about COVID-19 are no exception, and, in particular, that they have negative consequences for people’s intentions to comply with government recommendations. For example, Romer and Jamieson (2020) measured belief in COVID-19 conspiracy theories in the US and found that these beliefs were negatively associated with perceived threat of the pandemic, taking preventive actions (e.g., wearing a mask), and intentions to vaccinate against COVID-19 if a vaccine became available. Barua et al. (2020) similarly found that belief in conspiracy theories negatively predicted preventive intentions in a sample of Bangladeshi respondents. Imhoff and Lamberty (2020) found that the relationship between COVID-19 conspiracy beliefs and preventive intentions depended on the nature of the conspiracy theory. Specifically, “hoax”-related conspiracy theories predicted refusal to engage in preventive behaviours, whereas conspiracy theories about the virus being manufactured in a laboratory seemed to promote more self-centred prepping behaviour. Finally, Biddlestone, Green, and Douglas (2020) demonstrated that people with an individualist (vs. collectivist) cultural orientation displayed lower intentions to engage in COVID-19 preventive behaviours, a relationship mediated by belief in COVID-19 conspiracy theories.

    Research has identified other negative consequences of COVID-19 conspiracy theories. For example, Jolley and Paterson (2020) showed that belief in the conspiracy theory that 5G phone masts spread COVID-19 predicted greater willingness to vandalise 5G masts and to commit violence more generally as a means to get things done. Several preprints available on PsychArXiv.com have also described negative consequences of COVID-19 conspiracy theories. These include support for alternative remedies such as hydroxychloroquine (Bertin et al., 2020), consuming garlic and colloidal silver (Teovanović et al., 2020), and self-serving behaviours such as stockpiling (Bai, 2020). Like political, climate change, and antivaccine conspiracy theories, COVID-19 conspiracy theories therefore also appear to do harm. At a time when communities need to focus on efforts to halt the spread of the virus and prevent further deaths, conspiracy theories spreading within and between communities appear to be damaging those efforts.

    Future Research

    COVID-19 conspiracy theories are likely to have consequences for group processes and intergroup relations that are as yet unexplored. First, as people further disidentify with society and its institutions and view themselves as outsiders, this is likely to further fuel mistrust and cynicism and increase people’s feelings of isolation and marginalisation. People are also likely to feel powerless rather than powerful as a result of consuming conspiracy theories (Jolley & Douglas, 2014), and this may further limit their access to the benefits of group membership. For example, people are likely to lose touch with social connections that help them maintain their mental and physical health at difficult times (Jetten et al., 2017). Increased social isolation is also associated with increased conspiracy belief (Graeupner & Coman, 2017), and so as people endure longer periods of lockdown and restrictions on social gatherings during the pandemic, a vicious cycle may follow.

    Second, belief in COVID-19 conspiracy theories largely stems from, but can also potentially fuel, intergroup tensions. For example, if people perceive that China deliberately caused the virus, this may increase feelings of negativity towards Chinese people. These feelings—further driven by fear, loss of control, and narcissistic feelings about the morality of one’s own group (see Biddlestone, Cichocka, et al., 2020, for a review)—may lead to prejudice, hostility, and discrimination toward the alleged conspirators. These effects have been demonstrated consistently in the case of anti-Semitic conspiracy theories, which fuel prejudice and discrimination towards Jews. However, these negative effects can even generalise to groups who are not viewed as part of the conspiracy. Therefore, conspiracy theories about one group can generalise and cause more general discriminatory approaches toward other disliked outgroups (see Biddlestone, Cichocka et al., 2020). In a similar vein, conspiracy theories about groups can also have implications for the legitimisation of injustice. Conspiracy theories give people an “other” to blame for their predicament and may therefore perform a system-justifying function, deflecting blame from dysfunctional societal problems and instead blaming a few “bad apples”—an outgroup—for the ills of society (Jolley et al., 2018). Exploring these mechanisms in the context of COVID-19 would be a useful avenue for future research.


    Conspiracy theories flourish in times of crisis when people feel threatened, uncertain, and insecure. The COVID-19 pandemic has created the perfect circumstances for conspiracy theories, and research suggests that they are having negative consequences for people’s compliance with preventive behaviours. Most of these conspiracy theories stem from existing tensions between groups, and as the pandemic continues, conspiracy theories are likely to further fuel these tensions. A significant challenge for researchers is how to deal with these conspiracy theories and their associated effects."

    • Thanks 2
  3. 57 minutes ago, Jreboll said:

    Please provide a clearer picture. I couldn’t verify if what you’re saying is true plus this letter is more than a year old. 


    Here it is on a dentist's misinformation website:



    "Weston A. Price Foundation


    Weston A. Price - Pseudoscience - Fake News - Anti-Vaxx Bias - Not CredibleFactual Reporting: Low - Not Credible - Not Reliable - Fake News - Bias


    Sources in the Conspiracy-Pseudoscience category may publish unverifiable information that is not always supported by evidence. These sources may be untrustworthy for credible/verifiable information, therefore fact checking and further investigation is recommended on a per article basis when obtaining information from these sources. See all Conspiracy-Pseudoscience sources.

    • Overall, we rate the Weston A. Price Foundation a quackery level pseudoscience source based on the promotion of anti-vaccination propaganda and dangerous alternative nutrition.

    Detailed Report

    Factual Reporting: LOW
    Country: USA
    World Press Freedom Rank: USA 45/180

    FDA Will Likely Ban Most E-Cigarette avo
    'They' Named Merriam-Webster’s Word of the Year
    US Embassy Attacked in Baghdad After Airstrikes
    FDA Will Likely Ban Most E-Cigarette Flavors


    Founded in 1999, the Weston A. Price Foundation is a nonprofit organization that promotes alternative health, nutrition, and pseudoscience. According to their about page “The Foundation is dedicated to restoring nutrient-dense foods to the human diet through education, research, and activism.” You can view the staff here.

    Read our profile on United States government and media.

    Funded by / Ownership

    The Weston A. Price Foundation is a nonprofit that is funded through donations and grants.

    Analysis / Bias

    In review, the Weston A. Price Foundation advocates for alternative health. The website publishes podcasts and most news and information comes from their quarterly journal Wise Traditions in Food, Farming and the Healing Arts.

    The journal publishes articles with moderately emotional wording such as this: How Impersonal Vaccine Laws Play Out in Real Life: New York’s Repeal of the Religious Exemption. They also frequently promote pseudosciences such as anti-vaccine propaganda Help Prevent Mandatory Coronavirus Vaccination and Tracking!, and anti-GMO propaganda Why are GMOs Bad For Us? They have also advocated for drinking unpasteurized milk, which “according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), from 1993 through 2012, there were 127 outbreaks linked to raw milk or raw milk products like ice cream, soft cheese, or yogurt. They resulted in 1,909 illnesses and 144 hospitalizations.” In general, this is a quackery level pseudoscience website.

    Failed Fact Checks

    Overall, we rate the Weston A. Price Foundation a quackery level pseudoscience source based on the promotion of anti-vaccination propaganda and dangerous alternative nutrition. (D. Van Zandt 6/27/2020)"

    Source: https://www.westonaprice.org/

    Last Updated on September 26, 2020 by Media Bias Fact Check

    • Thanks 1
  4. 24 minutes ago, ibarra said:

    Please note: ACD isn't saying anything.  The CDC is. 

    CDC Stated no such thing. More BS.




    False. While the document is authentic, the scientific process described within it has been misrepresented."


    "Fact check: This CDC document does not say that that SARS-CoV-2 doesn’t exist

    By Reuters Staff

    Social media users have claimed that a document from the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) admits that the SARS-CoV-2 virus, which is the name for the novel coronavirus, does not exist. While the document is authentic, the scientific process described within it has been misrepresented.

    Reuters Fact Check. REUTERS

    The claim appears in a video that has been viewed more than 77,000 times on YouTube entitled THE MOST IMPORTANT Video on Earth Right Now (here) .

    In the video, the narrator references a document (here) from the CDC that provides information about the PCR test used to detect SARS CoV-2, which causes the potentially deadly disease, COVID-19.

    On page 39, the document outlines how the “analytical sensitivity” of the PCR assays were determined.

    “Since no quantified virus isolates of the 2019-nCoV are currently available, assays designed for detection of the 2019-nCoV RNA were tested with characterized stocks of in vitro transcribed full length RNA (N gene; GenBank accession: MN908947.2)”, it reads.

    According to the video, this paragraph is evidence that the virus does not exist and that the pandemic is a hoax.

    “They’ve designed tests to detect something that hasn’t been isolated and isn’t available to test”, the narrator alleges.

    “What the CDC organisation is admitting here is that it has no measurable amount of the ‘convid’ [sic] that every psychopathic authoritarian has used as justification to shut down the world’s economy.

    “They are saying its unavailable. They are saying they don’t have it. They can’t prove its existence. They also use the word ‘isolates’, which means no isolated virus is available”.

    Dr Thushan de Silva, from the University of Sheffield’s Department of Infection, Immunity and Cardiovascular Disease, told Reuters that this was not correct.

    De Silva said that the document is describing what was used to determine the lowest amount of viral genetic material the RT-PCR assay could detect.

    “They describe a very common process during assay set up, where the limit of detection of the RT-PCR assay was determined”, he said.

    In this case, the CDC have used ‘transcribed’ RNA as the positive control - which means they used synthetically produced genetic material identical to that carried by the virus.

    “To calculate the limit of detection of an RT-PCR assay, you need to have a known quantity of virus to extract genetic material (RNA) from, or alternatively a known quantity of RNA identical to that carried by the virus ”, de Silva said.

    According to de Silva, one reason for using transcribed RNA would have been that at the time of set up, not many standardised and quantified viral stocks would have been available to extract viral RNA from.


    De Silva maintains that using transcribed RNA rather than RNA extracted from quantified viral stocks is no reason to question the existence of SARS-CoV-2.

    “There are now hundreds of stocks of cultured SARS-CoV-2 in laboratories around the world”, he said.


    False. While the document is authentic, the scientific process described within it has been misrepresented.

    This article was produced by the Reuters Fact Check team. Read more about our work to fact-check social media posts (here) ."


    • Thanks 2
  5. 15 hours ago, Mainecoons said:

    I would say you got your dead and disabled in spades with your failed vaccines and strategies.  And now they keep piling up along with the side effects.'

    Time to admit you were wrong and stop following the likes of Fauci.

    Total BS. Covid-19 vaccines are safe. Long term side effects you read about are not vaccine related but Covid-19 infection related or they are lies.

    Here are the statistics in the US. Almost neligible number of verified vaccine side effects:


    "Reported Adverse Events
    Updated June 21, 2022
    Safety of COVID-19 Vaccines

    Some people have no side effects. Many people have reported side effects, such as headache, fatigue, and soreness at the injection site, that are generally mild to moderate and go away within a few days.


    The benefits of COVID-19 vaccination continue to outweigh any potential risks.


    CDC is providing timely updates on the following adverse events of interest:

    • Anaphylaxis after COVID-19 vaccination is rare and has occurred at a rate of approximately 5 cases per one million vaccine doses administered. Anaphylaxis, a severe type of allergic reaction, can occur after any kind of vaccination. If it happens, healthcare providers can effectively and immediately treat the reaction. Learn more about COVID-19 vaccines and allergic reactions, including anaphylaxis.
      CDC scientists have conducted detailed reviews of cases of anaphylaxis and made the information available to healthcare providers and the public:
    • Thrombosis with thrombocytopenia syndrome (TTS) after J&J/Janssen COVID-19 vaccination is rare and has occurred in approximately 4 cases per one million doses administered. TTS is a rare but serious adverse event that causes blood clots in large blood vessels and low platelets (blood cells that help form clots).
      A review of reports indicates a causal relationship between the J&J/Janssen COVID-19 vaccine and TTS. CDC scientists have conducted detailed reviews of TTS cases and made the information available to healthcare providers and the public:
    • Guillain-Barré Syndrome (GBS) in people who have received the J&J/Janssen COVID-19 vaccine is rare. GBS is a rare disorder where the body’s immune system damages nerve cells, causing muscle weakness and sometimes paralysis. GBS has largely been reported in men ages 50 years and older.
      Based on a recent analysis of data from the Vaccine Safety Datalink, the rate of GBS within the first 21 days following J&J/Janssen COVID-19 vaccination was found to be 21 times higher than after Pfizer-BioNTech or Moderna (mRNA COVID-19 vaccines). After the first 42 days, the rate of GBS was 11 times higher following J&J/Janssen COVID-19 vaccination. The analysis found no increased risk of GBS after Pfizer-BioNTech or Moderna (mRNA COVID-19 vaccines). CDC and FDA will continue to monitor for and evaluate reports of GBS occurring after COVID-19 vaccination and will share more information as it becomes available.
    • Myocarditis and pericarditis after COVID-19 vaccination are rare. Myocarditis is inflammation of the heart muscle, and pericarditis is inflammation of the outer lining of the heart. Most patients with myocarditis or pericarditis after COVID-19 vaccination responded well to medicine and rest and felt better quickly. Most cases have been reported after receiving Pfizer-BioNTech or Moderna (mRNA COVID-19 vaccines), particularly in male adolescents and young adults.
      A review of vaccine safety data in VAERS from December 2020–August 2021 found a small but increased risk of myocarditis after mRNA COVID-19 vaccines. Over 350 million mRNA vaccines were given during the study period and CDC scientists found that rates of myocarditis were highest following the second dose of an mRNA vaccine among males in the following age groups:
      • 12–15 years (70.7 cases per one million doses of Pfizer-BioNTech)
      • 16–17 years (105.9 cases per one million doses of Pfizer-BioNTech)
      • 18–24 years (52.4 cases and 56.3 cases per million doses of Pfizer-BioNTech and Moderna, respectively)
      Multiple studies and reviews of data from vaccine safety monitoring systems continue to show that vaccines are safe. As a result, the agency will refocus enhanced surveillance and safety monitoring efforts toward children and adolescents.

      As of June 16, 2022, there have been 1,006 preliminary reports in VAERS among people younger than age 18 years under review for potential cases of myocarditis and pericarditis. Of these, 264 remain under review. Through confirmation of symptoms and diagnostics by provider interview or review of medical records, 650 reports have been verified to meet CDC’s working case definition for myocarditis. See below for counts of verified reports of myocarditis by age group.

      5-11 years: 20 verified reports of myocarditis after 19,319,400 doses administered

      12-15 years: 338 verified reports of myocarditis after 23,647,066 doses administered

      16-17 years: 292 verified reports of myocarditis after 12,867,855 doses administered

      As the COVID-19 vaccines are authorized for younger children, CDC and FDA will continue to monitor for and evaluate reports of myocarditis and pericarditis after COVID-19 vaccination and will share more information as it becomes available. Learn more about myocarditis and pericarditis, including clinical considerations, after mRNA COVID-19 vaccination.

    • Reports of death after COVID-19 vaccination are rare. FDA requires healthcare providers to report any death after COVID-19 vaccination to VAERS, even if it’s unclear whether the vaccine was the cause. Reports of adverse events to VAERS following vaccination, including deaths, do not necessarily mean that a vaccine caused a health problem. More than 592 million doses of COVID-19 vaccines were administered in the United States from December 14, 2020, through June 21, 2022. During this time, VAERS received 15,193 preliminary reports of death (0.0026%) among people who received a COVID-19 vaccine. CDC and FDA clinicians review reports of death to VAERS including death certificates, autopsy, and medical records.
      Continued monitoring has identified nine deaths causally associated with J&J/Janssen COVID-19 vaccination. CDC and FDA continue to review reports of death following COVID-19 vaccination and update information as it becomes available."
    • Thanks 1
  6. MC is blowing smoke here. What is known is documented. His sources are not and never will be.



    "This Is the Best Evidence Yet That Anti-Vaxxers Kill

    Lawrence O. Gostin, Eric A. Friedman
    Thu, June 23, 2022, 5:59 PM·
    People must trust public health and science. People must trust the truth. That means a major effort to expand vaccine trust and combat vaccine hesitancy, from building media literacy and working with social-media companies to keep their platforms from being purveyors of deadly information to building networks of community-based organizations and leaders who can create vaccine confidence. And voters must reject politicians who are, literally, killing them.
    We now have some of the most powerful evidence of the immense live-saving power of COVID-19 vaccines since they first began to make their way into people’s arms. At the flip side of that data is society’s failure—our collective failure. With COVID-19 plummeting on the political priority list, we are setting ourselves up for further disaster. We can only urge our political leaders to pause to reflect on the millions of lives that vaccines saved, and act.

    We now have some of the most powerful evidence of the immense live-saving power of COVID-19 vaccines since they first began to make their way into people’s arms. At the flip side of that data is society’s failure—our collective failure. With COVID-19 plummeting on the political priority list, we are setting ourselves up for further disaster. We can only urge our political leaders to pause to reflect on the millions of lives that vaccines saved, and act.

    Less than ever can we claim that we didn’t know."

  7. 55 minutes ago, Mainecoons said:

    Nothing here confirms this is due to tourism.


    Lame try

    Most vaccinated country in the world just proving once again these vaccines don't work.



    The low infection rate from April 2021 was significant untill the Delta variant arrived in July  a bump and back down again until the huge rise in Covid-19 cases in January 2022 when Omicron arrived. The other huge rise in cases in May - June 2022 was Covid-19 Omicron and it's variants in Portugal plus tourists and the country being totally open, possibly.

    This stuff is fairly hard to follow but not impossible. Omicron and it's various variants are vaccine resistant and highly contagious but not near as deadly as the original Covid-19 virus. If you haven't being following along since December 2021 since Omicron arrived there is lots of updated information coming out regularly.

    "As of 20 January 2022, the Omicron variant has been identified in all EU/EEA countries. From 20 December 2021 to 9 January 2022, 23 EU/EEA countries with adequate sequencing volume reported an estimated prevalence of Omicron of 69.4% (range from 5.7% to 99.9%), over 20% higher than in the previous week.Jan 21, 2022"
  8. 36 minutes ago, Mainecoons said:




    "Portugal’s COVID deaths grow as tourism season kicks off

    COVID-19 cases and deaths are climbing in Portugal’s popular tourist hotspots like Lisbon, Porto and the Algarve region.

    Tourists pose for pictures at Portas do Sol viewpoint in Alfama, Lisbon Tourists pose for pictures at Portas do Sol viewpoint in Alfama, Lisbon [File: Patricia de Melo Moreira/AFP]
    Published On 16 Jun 202216 Jun 2022

    After pandemic curbs were lifted earlier this year, a spate of COVID-19 cases and deaths are growing in popular tourist population centres like Lisbon, Porto and the Algarve region as two years of pandemic-related cancellations have given way to popular parties and festivals during the summer season.

    Portugal’s latest outbreak has made the country a hotspot of COVID-19 in Europe and home to the second-highest coronavirus case count in the world, after Taiwan.


    The nation registered an average of 1,989 new cases per million people over the past seven days. In comparison, Spain registered 232 and the UK 161, according to tracker Our World in Data.

    Portugal also registered an average of 41 deaths per one million inhabitants over a seven-day period, making the country home to the fifth-highest mortality rate in the world."




    "Austria scraps compulsory COVID-19 vaccination, measure was suspended in March

    Thu, June 23, 2022, 7:22 AM·1 min read
    Vaccination center in St. Stephen's Cathedral in Vienna
    Austrian Health Minister Rauch attends a news conference in Vienna
    1 / 2

    Austria scraps compulsory COVID-19 vaccination, measure was suspended in March

    Vaccination center in St. Stephen's Cathedral in Vienna

    VIENNA (Reuters) -Austria is dropping compulsory COVID-19 vaccination for adults saying it is unlikely that the measure, suspended since March, would raise one of western Europe's lowest vaccination rates, Health Minister Johannes Rauch said on Thursday.

    "The vaccine mandate won't lead anyone to get vaccinated. Surveys have shown that 13% of people who live in Austria will not get vaccinated despite the vaccine mandate," Rauch of the Greens told a news conference.

    The rule - the only such sweeping mandate in the European Union - made vaccines compulsory for all adults with few exceptions.

    There was no penalty for failing to comply when the measure was introduced in February but the government suspended the mandate in March, six days before fines were due to start being imposed.

    The government said at the time that there was less strain on hospitals as symptoms from the new Omicron variant were often less severe, making compulsory vaccination disproportionate."

    (Reporting by Francois Murphy; Editing by Jon Boyle)



    "COVID’s death toll would have been 3 times worse without vaccines, study shows—yet unequal access stopped jabs from saving more lives

    Nicholas Gordon
    Fri, June 24, 2022, 12:00 AM·3 min read
    Michael Nagle—Bloomberg/Getty Images

    Both the world and the U.S. hit a grim milestone earlier this year. In March, the global death toll from the COVID-19 pandemic broke 6 million; a few months later in May, the U.S. COVID death toll surpassed 1 million.

    But a new study, published Thursday in The Lancet Infectious Diseases, shows how much worse the pandemic might have been, if not for the development of safe and effective COVID vaccines.

    The study estimates that vaccines prevented 14.4 million COVID deaths between Dec. 8, 2020—the date when the first COVID vaccine was administered outside a trial setting—and Dec. 8, 2021. Had those deaths occurred, COVID’s death toll would jump from 6.3 million today to almost 21 million, a threefold increase.

    The number of prevented deaths is even greater if “excess deaths” are counted, notes the study. “Excess deaths” use the gap between actual and pre-pandemic mortality levels to estimate the number of COVID and COVID-related deaths that may have gone unreported. The study estimates that without vaccines, COVID’s death toll may have reached as high as 31 million, 63% of which could have been prevented by vaccines.

    Still, the study’s authors note that a poor distribution of doses hindered the potential of vaccines. The COVID-19 Vaccines Global Access initiative, or COVAX, set a target of achieving 20% coverage among its 190 participating nations by the end of 2021. The World Health Organization’s target was more aggressive, targeting 40% global coverage by the end of 2021, and 70% by mid-2022."

    • Thanks 1


    "Meanwhile, the previously dominant BA.2 now only accounts for 9% of cases. Back in early May, BA.2 and BA.2.12.1 were each responsible for about half of U.S. coronavirus infections, the CDC data show. And in March, BA.1 (the original omicron strain) was still in the lead.

    In some areas of the country, BA.2.12.1 has taken over even more: "I'm in Connecticut, and it's like 80% of all sequences that we see right now," Anne Hahn, Ph.D., a postdoctoral researcher at the Yale School of Public Health, told TODAY.

    "And that turnover between BA.1, then BA.2 and now BA.2.12.1 was very fast, which is kind of unexpected," said Hahn, whose work is investigating the viral evolution of SARS-CoV-2. "We are now at BA.5, and it’s June 2022. The first of this whole family emerged in November 2021. So that’s really concerning."

    That quick turnover in variants is thought to be due to each strain's mutations, particularly in the spike protein, which may allow the virus to evade immune protection. In the case of BA.2.12.1, "that's believed to help it sidestep some of the antibodies that have been generated by previous infections or vaccines," Bill Hanage, Ph.D., associate professor of epidemiology at the Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health, told TODAY.

    But how much of the success of BA.2.12.1 "is due to that as opposed to it just being inherently more transmissible isn't clear," said Hanage, who is also the co-director of Harvard's Center for Communicable Disease DynamicDoes BA.2.12.1 cause more severe illness? "Parts of the country have had a relatively big bump (in cases) with BA.2.12.1, and that's not really been translated into extremely large amounts of hospitalizations or deaths," Hanage said.

    But it's challenging to evaluate the true severity of disease due to this subvariant. "The vast majority of the population has either been vaccinated or has had a previous COVID infection, and that's going to affect the severity of disease because there's some baseline immunity," Dr. Anna Durbin, associate professor in the Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, told TODAY.

    "The good news that we can take from that is that we're still seeing protective effects of the vaccine against the more severe forms of disease," said Durbin, whose research focuses on evaluating vaccines for infectious diseases.

    On the horizon: BA.4 and BA.5

    While BA.2.12.1 is dominant right now in the U.S., other emerging omicron subvariants — called BA.4 and BA.5 — are beginning to gain ground. First detected in South Africa, BA.4 now accounts for about 11% of cases in the U.S., and BA.5 is responsible for nearly 24%, the CDC data show.

    Companies are working on the next generation of COVID-19 boosters, which will target specific omicron-related variants. For instance, Moderna is planning to release a bivalent vaccine this fall that targets the original coronavirus strain, as well as the omicron variant.

    This week, the company shared new clinical trial data in a press release, which said that the shot provides better protection against BA.4 and BA.5 than the original vaccine. The booster was even more effective against the original omicron strain.

    What kinds of variants can we expect to see in the future?

    All of the experts agreed that new variants are pretty much a given. And, considering the last few dominant variants have all been in the omicron family, it's a good bet — but not a guarantee — the next ones will be, too.

    "You never want to bet against being surprised by this thing, but there does look to have been a shift," Hanage said. And, right now, experts don’t expect another drastically new variant to pop up out of nowhere and quickly dominate the way omicron did, Hahn said.

    Previous variants, including alpha, delta, omicron (BA.1) and BA.2 "all started evolving in the first few months after the virus entered the human population. They're not derived from each other," Hanage explained. "But the things we're seeing now are derived from within omicron, which is a new thing."

    At the same time, though, it's important to recognize that the omicron subvariants are not identical to each other: "We call it the omicron family, but when you actually look at the genetic distance of these family members, they are as different to each other as alpha was to delta, for example," Hahn said.

    Ultimately, variants "will keep coming; they're not going to stop," Durbin said. "What do we know from other seasonal coronaviruses? They continue to come back, they continue to mutate and we continue to be infected."


    How to protect yourself and your community

    The key points scientists will be looking for are whether the virus begins to cause more severe disease, whether we'll need to continue to get boosters to protect ourselves and whether those vaccines will need to be regularly updated to better match the strains that are circulating, she said. Moderna and Pfizer are both working on booster shots, expected in the fall, that target the omicron variant.How to protect yourself and your community

    We may never be able to completely stamp out all coronavirus variants, Hanage said. But there are things we can do to lower the odds that more will emerge and reduce the opportunities they have to take over.

    • Keep wearing a mask. Yes, face masks still work — especially those that are higher quality, such as KN95, KF94 and N95 respirators. Wearing masks is especially useful in higher-risk situations, such as crowded indoor events. "If it's a good mask, it'll protect you regardless of what people around you are doing," Hanage said.

    • If you're eligible, make a plan to get your second booster. While Durbin noted that protection from boosters seems to be lasting for less and less time — "We're looking at one to two months," she said — if you're over 65 or have underlying conditions that make you more likely to develop severe COVID-19, it's worth getting the second booster. But it's also worth planning out when you're most likely to want that extra protection, like before travel or an event.

    • Check local health department data. Because COVID-19 is spreading differently in different areas of the country, it's helpful to keep an eye on the situation near you. There is some on the CDC website, Durbin said, but she usually directs people to their local health department website for up-to-date information on their community.

    • If you're sick and are able to stay home, you should. Even if you've tested negative with an at-home rapid COVID-19 test, don't assume you're in the clear. "If you can take a sick day, you shouldn't go into the office where you're sneezing and coughing and febrile," Durbin said. Avoiding spreading the virus to others and "reducing the overall caseload is our best bet against new variants emerging," Hahn agreed.

    • Getting young kids vaccinated will help protect them and further reduce the population susceptible to infection, Durbin said. That may affect transmission, as well as the emergence of new variants.

    • Look forward to next-generation boosters. The next crop of vaccines, designed to target specific variants or multiple variants, will be a key step forward, the experts said. "The current vaccines were designed against a strain that's two years old or more," Durbin said. "We know the virus has mutated extensively." "


    • Thanks 1
  12. 22 hours ago, Mainecoons said:

    A damning indictment from Israel.  Try and ad hom this guy, Alan.



    "Israeli immunologist claims Covid-19 ‘cannot be defeated’, slams ‘failed’ pandemic response

    A leading Israeli immunologist has penned a scathing open letter slamming the government for its “failed” coronavirus response, saying the virus “cannot be defeated”.

    Frank ChungFrank Chung
    4 min read
    January 17, 2022 - 8:27PM

    Israel will offer a fourth dose of the Covid-19 vaccine to people over 60 and to medical staff.

    A leading Israeli immunologist has penned a scathing open letter slamming the government for its “failed” coronavirus response.

     Despite skyrocketing Covid-19 cases, Prof Qimron claimed that there was “currently no medical emergency”.

    “But you have been cultivating such a condition for two years now because of lust for power, budgets and control,” he wrote.

    “The only emergency now is that you still set policies and hold huge budgets for propaganda and psychological engineering instead of directing them to strengthen the health care system.”

    A child is swabbed for Covid-19 at a testing facility in Jerusalem. Picture: Menahem Kahana/AFP
    A child is swabbed for Covid-19 at a testing facility in Jerusalem. Picture: Menahem Kahana/AFP

    Israel confronts Omicron wave

    Like many other countries, Israel is facing an unprecedented caseload fuelled by the highly transmissible Omicron variant.

    Last week, Mr Bennett said data provided to cabinet suggested “between two to four million citizens in total will be infected during this current wave”.

    Israel’s population is just 9.4 million.

    Tens of thousands of cases are being reported every day, overwhelming testing facilities nationwide.

    Despite the surge in cases, the Israeli government has so far avoided reimposing lockdowns and most other restrictions, insisting it can manage an infection wave with a peak that may still be weeks away.

    Shortly after the Omicron variant was first detected in South Africa in November, Israel heavily curbed international travel.

    Cyrille Cohen, a life sciences professor at Bar Ilan University near Tel Aviv, described this as “a good move”, which delayed large-scale local transmission and bought time to prepare for the coming wave, including by securing Covid-19 treatment supplies.

    But he said Israel did not use this time to adequately boost testing capacity, a fact now driving public frustration.

    With domestic transmission surging, Israel concluded that travel restrictions would do little other than harm the economy.

    It has both reopened its skies and allowed bars, restaurants, gyms, houses of worship and other facilities to stay open.

    Prof Cohen told AFP that Israel has effectively “transferred some of the management of this crisis from the authorities to the people”, giving primary responsibility to residents to self-test and quarantine.

    Mr Bennett said last week that “Israel is following three guiding principles: keep our economy open, protect the most vulnerable folks in society – elders – and to take care of our children”.

    “We have difficult weeks ahead, but there is no need to panic,” he told reporters.

    More than 80 per cent of Israeli adults have received two doses of a Covid-19 vaccine, and more than half have received a booster.

    Israel said last month it intends to begin rolling out a fourth shot to combat Omicron, despite a lack of scientific evidence on its impact.

    “Israel is open to doing things based on rationale without scientific proof,” Hagai Levine, chairman of the Israeli Association of Public Health Physicians, told AFP.

    “This is sometimes worth it – as was the case with the first and third jab, which were administered quickly and, looking back, this paid off.” "


    Lockdowns and isolation was most likely those governments following the sucessful playbook used in 2002 with SARS in eliminating it from becoming wide ranging and the same strategy with MERS, both coronaviruses.

    Spain and Italia were devastated in 2020 by the Covid-19 Alpha virus and it was overburdening their socialized health systems with very ill people that many died and the draconian lockdowns in Spain became a hot news topic Worldwide.

    The letter he sent to the Israel government is not considering what was actually the desperate situation in other countries, only in Israel, so should not be taken out of context as a global indictment of what other countries felt was best for them to battle a never before experienced Pandemic of this magnitute at the time plus in discussing hindsight and disregarding the local statistics at the time is always good for a critique to not mention to convince others of the huge mistakes governments made by following the SARS and MERS playbook.

    Which countries should have abandoned this policy of lockdown and forced vaccinations much earlier on when it became apparent it was the wrong approach is not discussed in his letter only Israel is discussed. It is not an individual assesment of every poorly thought out and destructive policy many or most governments instituted so should not be taken that way.

    His points are valid especially at this point in time. No one could have forseen what we now see are the results, only speculation and there was much speculation on all sides and for this reason the waters were/are muddy. One had to evaluate what to do.

  13. Not good news if this virologist is correct.

    "The UK Health Security Agency is also monitoring BA.5.1 - an offshoot of BA.5 - and the BA.2.12.1 subvariant, which remains the dominant strain in the US.

    “It looks as though these things are switching back to the more dangerous form of infection, so going lower down in the lung,” Dr Stephen Griffin, a virologist at the University of Leeds, told the Guardian."



    New Omicron subvariant swamping the U.S. escapes immunity from vaccination and previous infections, new studies say

    Chloe Taylor
    Thu, June 23, 2022, 8:54 AM·

    "Though the bulk of infections appear to continue to be down to the dominant BA.2 variant.

    a health worker wearing gloves holding a test sample tubes labeled 'COVID-19 Omicron variant'

    Omicron is the dominant mutation in the UK ( Image: Getty Images)

    The UK Health Security Agency is also monitoring BA.5.1 - an offshoot of BA.5 - and the BA.2.12.1 subvariant, which remains the dominant strain in the US.

    Some 797,500 people in private households in England were likely to test positive for Covid-19 in the week ending June 2, the equivalent of about one in 70, the ONS said.

    This is up week on week from 784,100, which was also about one in 70.

    Wales has seen Covid-19 infections increase very slightly to 40,500 people, up from 39,600, though both estimates are equivalent to around one in 75 people and the ONS describes the trend here as "uncertain".

    Paramedics unload a patient from an ambulance parked outside the emergency department at The Royal London Hospital in Whitechapel

    The recent fall in the number of people in hospital with the virus may have come to a halt ( Image: 
    Getty Images)

    Immunity from the booster vaccines is waning in the majority of the population, with only over-75s and extremely vulnerable groups offered the spring dose.

    Meanwhile, infection from BA.1 or BA.2 may not protect against the newest variants.

    “It looks as though these things are switching back to the more dangerous form of infection, so going lower down in the lung,” Dr Stephen Griffin, a virologist at the University of Leeds, told the Guardian.

    In response to whether the virus is on the verge of turning into the common cold, he added: "It clearly isn’t, and there’s no pressure on it to do that, really." "

  14. No more highly trained Federal Police for 2 years now. No more federal government funded civil criminal intelligence agency for 3 1/2 years now. Semi-trained military soldiers taking over for the Federal Police - National Guard. No more collusion with the DEA now. A great setup for them. 



    These newest mutated Covid-19 from Omicron variants BA.4 and BA.5 mostly evade the fully vaccinated and boosted and those unvaccinated and previously infected with Omicron or the BA.1 and BA.2 variants immunity response.

    News articles state the Omicron variants once infecting non extremely vunerable people are less likely to cause severe illness or induce long Covid-19 like Alpha - the original strain - or the Delta strain.

    It is mutating to evade peoples' immunity to it to be more contagious so it will not die out but in this process is becoming weaker and weaker (possibly but not guaranteed) and only the most vunerable will most likely become quite ill and possibly need to be hospitalized if the new anti Covid-19 drugs are still not available to them.

    The reformulated booster vaccines hopefully will dwarf the spread of Covid-19 variants but one has to wonder how many more variants are possible and for how long can this go on?


    "Efforts underway to update Covid-19 vaccines


    Moderna's bivalent Covid-19 vaccine booster, named mRNA-1273.214, elicited a "potent" immune responses against the Omicron subvariants BA.4 and BA.5, the company said Wednesday.


    This bivalent booster vaccine candidate contains components of both Moderna's original Covid-19 vaccine and a vaccine that targets the Omicron variant. The company said it is working to complete regulatory submissions in the coming weeks requesting to update the composition of its booster vaccine to be mRNA-1273.214.

    "In the face of SARS-CoV-2's continued evolution, we are very encouraged that mRNA-1273.214, our lead booster candidate for the fall, has shown high neutralizing titers against the BA.4 and BA.5 subvariants, which represent an emergent threat to global public health," Stéphane Bancel, chief executive officer of Moderna, said in Wednesday's announcement. SARS-CoV-2 is the coronavirus that causes Covid-19.

    "We will submit these data to regulators urgently and are preparing to supply our next generation bivalent booster starting in August, ahead of a potential rise in SARS-CoV-2 infections due to Omicron subvariants in the early fall," Bancel said.

    The US Food and Drug Administration's Vaccines and Related Biological Products Advisory Committee is meeting next week to discuss the composition of Covid-19 vaccines that could be used as boosters this fall.


    The data that Moderna released Wednesday, which has not been published in a peer-reviewed journal, showed that one month after a 50-microgram dose of the mRNA-1273.214 vaccine was administered in people who had been vaccinated and boosted, the vaccine elicited "potent" neutralizing antibody responses against BA.4 and BA.5, boosting levels 5.4-fold in all participants regardless of whether they had a prior Covid-19 infection and by 6.3-fold in the subset of those with no history of prior infection. These levels of neutralizing antibodies were about 3-fold lower than previously reported neutralizing levels against BA.1, Moderna said.

    These findings add to the data that Moderna previously released earlier this month, showing that the 50-microgram dose of the bivalent booster generated a stronger antibody response against Omicron than the original Moderna vaccine.



    Moderna's data suggest that "the bivalent booster might confer greater protection against the BA.4 and BA.5 omicron strains than readministering the original vaccine to increase protection across the population. Although the information is based on antibody levels, the companies comment that similar levels of antibody protected against clinical illness caused by other strains is the first suggestion of an emerging 'immune correlate' of protection, although it is hoped that this ongoing study is also assessing rates of clinical illness as well as antibody responses," Penny Ward, an independent pharmaceutical physician and visiting professor in pharmaceutical medicine at King's College London, said in a statement released by the UK-based Science Media Centre on Wednesday. She was not involved in Moderna's work.

    "It has been reported previously that the bivalent vaccine is well tolerated with temporary 'reactogenic' effects similar to those following the univalent booster injection so we can anticipate that this new mixed vaccine should be well tolerated," Ward said in part. "As we head towards the autumn with omicron variants dominating the covid infection landscape, it certainly makes sense to consider use of this new bivalent vaccine, if available." "

    • Thanks 1
  16. The scientific process in churning away. Hopefully in the near future people having being infected by a Covid-19 virus will be able to have a drug that knocks it on it's butt and will not experience severe debilitating illness from it. With  the advent of reformulated vaccines and Covid-19 anti viral drugs coming it appears all good. Let's cross our fingers and plan to return to normal life again soon. The sooner the better.

    "Pfizer's New Treatment for Covid-19: Paxlovid, What We Know So Far. Last November, the pharmaceutical company Pfizer announced its first pill against COVID-19, Paxlovid. This oral medication showed a high efficacy rate in clinical trials conducted by the American pharmaceutical company" Jan 10, 2022



    "Moderna booster candidate shows strong response against Omicron subvariants

    Wed, June 22, 2022, 6:32 AM·2 min read

    (Reuters) -Moderna Inc said on Wednesday that an updated version of its COVID-19 vaccine designed to target the Omicron variant also generated a strong immune response against the fast-spreading Omicron subvariants BA.4 and BA.5, which have gained a foothold in the U.S. in recent weeks.

    The updated vaccine, which Moderna is hoping will be approved for use as a booster shot for the fall, is a bivalent vaccine, meaning it contains vaccine designed to target two different coronavirus variants - the original variant from 2020 and the Omicron variant that was circulating widely last winter.

    Moderna said that while the shot elicited a weaker response versus BA.4 and BA.5 than it does against the BA.1 subvariant it was specifically designed to combat, the data suggests the new shot could produce "lasting protection against the whole family of Omicron variants."


    "This is a strong, powerful antibody response," Moderna Chief Medical Officer Paul Burton said at a news conference. "It is probably long lasting and I think the conclusions are that boosting or primary vaccination with (the updated vaccine) really could be a turning point in our fight against SARS-cov-2 virus."

    Moderna has been producing the updated vaccine on its own dime ahead of any regulatory approvals, and Chief Executive Stéphane Bancel said the company could begin supplying the shot in August.

    The company plans to submit applications to regulators in the coming weeks to ask for approval of the shot - which it calls mRNA-1273.214 - for the fall season.

    The two sublineages, which were added to the World Health Organization's monitoring list in March and designated as variants of concern by the European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control, accounted for more than a third of U.S. cases last week.


    The U.S. Food and Drug Administration plans to hold a meeting of outside experts next week to discuss the best composition of booster shots for the fall.

    Pfizer and BioNTech are also testing several possible variant-adapted COVID-19 vaccines, including a bivalent candidate similar to Moderna's.

    The European Medicines Agency last week launched a rolling review of their candidates, although the companies have yet to release any data on how well they work. BioNTech this month said market clearance could come as early as August but could also take until September or later in the fall."

    (Reporting by Ludwig Burger in Frankfurt, Michael Erman in Maplewood, New Jersey, and Leroy Leo in Bengaluru; Editing by Arun Koyyur and Chizu Nomiyama)

    The scientific process takes time. Talking about what happened last year or the year before is useless. When everything is said and done there will be mistakes revealed (already have been some) but in context to when they were made the scientific process was at that point not more advanced as time progressed.

    People who harp on ineffective vaccines numbers will eat their words one day and vaccines will keep being reformulated - as this article points out - until subvariant Covid-19 strains are subdued as best as they can be and not before.

    Vaccinating large portions of the population apparently did cause rapid mutations of the Alpha - original - Covid-19 virus but now these variants are less likely to cause the severe damage and death the Alpha Covid-19 documented by professional institutes did. People not considering these many aspects of this Worldwide pandemic are just blowing smoke. 

    • Thanks 2
  • Create New...