This area is known as “Lakeside” to residents from the U.S., Canada, Great Britain and Europe, among other places, and “la ribera” to Mexicans. Due partly to the eclectic mixture, it has developed a continental Old World charm which blends smoothly with a distinctly Mexican ambiance.
Cobblestone streets, tile-roofed homes, riotously colorful gardens blooming year around, and incredible open-air markets and restaurants are common sights, backdropped by lush green mountains surrounding the lake. The hills are laced with flowering trees and plants, and accented by waterfalls, caves, petroglyphs, indigenous sacred sites, and a variety of hiking trails and places to explore.
Numerous picturesque towns and villages, many of which evolved from prehispanic indigenous settlements, dot the shores around the lake. There is a substantial population concentration on the northwestern and western shores, where the largest expatriate community in Mexico is found. Estimates of the expatriate population range from 20,000 to 40,000 full-time residents. That population increases during the “high season” from mid-September to mid-March.
Cradled in the southern half of Mexico’s western mountain range, the Sierra Madre Occidental, lays one of the most delightful hideaways in the world … Lake Chapala. Tranquility, natural beauty, and a marvelously temperate climate are just a few of the attractions of the area. Approximately the same altitude as Denver, Colorado, Chapala is the largest natural lake in the country.
Monday in Chapala, Wednesday in Ajijic, Thursday in Jocotepec, the tianguis, or open street market, is a familiar weekly event at Lakeside. But did you ever wonder why these enterprising merchants and vendors get up so early and work so hard to set up their booths and displays for only a few hours one day of the week?
Business, of course. A social event, to be sure; a place to meet friends
and neighbors and pass the time of day. But the tianguis is much more than that. Its roots go back to classical
Aztec times and beyond to other peoples of ancient Mesoamerica.
Mezcala Island, a rocky and chayote-covered outcrop near the north shore of Lake Chapala, today bears scant evidence of the long and bloody battle waged there during the Mexican War of Independence from Spain. The little-known battle has considerable historic importance, however, because of the major change it produced in the Spanish attitude toward the treatment of prisoners.
In 1812, the war for independence had been in progress for two years when Encarnación Rosas, a young fisherman from the shores of Lake Chapala, enlisted some 60 men from the area and rose in rebellion against the many Spanish cruelties imposed on the indigenous people there.
Spanish troops moved in to quash the uprising, but Rosas and his men, armed primarily with lances, sticks and rocks, and reinforced with insurgents headed by José Santa Anna, defeated them near the town of Mezcala on the north shore of the lake.
Ajijic was settled by people who came from
the north, and their origin is explained by a legend. There was a place far to
the north called “Whiteness,” and, from its seven caves, seven tribes set out
towards the south.
migration probably took place in the second half of the 11th and the first half
of the 12th centuries. The Nahuas were different from other Indian tribes
around the lake. These primitives lived on Chapala’s vast shores with no
thought of founding permanent pueblos. Nor were they curious about their own
origins, their forefathers or their names.
Their vision of the world was simple. They
were completely absorbed with the rendering of tribute to their gods. It was
through, they thought, the pleasing of these deities that the sun shone and the
rains fell on their land. Obtaining their daily sustenance was their primary
reason for being.
Those who can call La
Ribera de Chapala (Lakeside) home, definitely don’t lack of activities to
make them happy and keep them busy. The natural scenery and the environment
offer a wonderful opportunity to participate in physical activities, whether
it’s group sports or individual activities.
There are also numerous gatherings amongst locals that
are dedicated to enhance the mind. The intellectual, social, political,
cultural and religious groups are but some of the many organizations here at
lakeside. Many of these groups have members from all over the world, creating different
and interesting perspectives from different points of views. Such reunions
often take place weekly or monthly and are easy to find and join.
Retirees find that keeping occupied is not a problem;
the only dilemma is finding the time to do all the available activities. With
over 200 existing organizations in the area, there is a variable of “things to
do” year round. There are hundreds (maybe thousands) of activities in the towns
of La Ribera de Chapala to keep you
entertained and participating in this beautiful community.
This is a brief list of some of the activities, places
and organizations, which are not numbered in any particular order. Hope this is
of great help for you.
(Ed. Note: The following article was first published in 1946 in the magazine Modern Mexico. Ms. James, known as the “Godmother of Ajijic,” set many of her charming stories and books here at Lakeside.)
Ajijic is an
old, old village. Our solidly built Franciscan Church bears the date when it
was finished: November 27, 1749. But it is not the original. The first was
destroyed by a hurricane. Even before that, before the Conquistadores set foot
on the shores of the New World, Ajijic was an Indian settlement. Ancestors of
my neighbors gained a comfortable livelihood fishing in the lake and
cultivating their milpas. Long after the Spaniards had planted a new religion,
Indians continued to make their little clay figurines, bake them, and toss them
into the lake to appease Tlaloc, their Rain God. Often we foreigners amuse
ourselves diving for these exotic little figurines which we use to decorate our
At nearly 50-70 miles long and 15-20 miles wide, covering some 417 square miles, Lake Chapala is the largest natural lake in Mexico. It is fed at its eastern end by the River Lerma, originating in the Toluca mountain range, and drained at its northeastem corner by the Rio Santiago that then goes to the Pacific Ocean. It provides 55% of the drinking water to Guadalajara.
lake was formed some 12,000,000 years ago in a seismic upheaval and was ahnost
7 times its present size, even covering the present city-site of Guadalajara.
The lake bed is the resting place of many fossils. Originally called Lake Jalisco,
it now hears the name Chapala, taken from the Nahuatl ‘Chapalal,’ the sound that
water makes splashing on a sandy shore.
Ajijic was originally named, in Nahuatal, the Aztec language, ‘Axixic, place where the water springs forth,’ commemorating the seven fresh-water wells that originally provided the water in this area. One of the wells was at the head of Calle Colon, and another was likely on the site of the church on Marcos Castellanos.
The term ecosystem was coined in 1930 to denote the physical and biological components of an environment considered in relation to each other as a unit; the whole complex of physical factors forming what we call the environment.
The degree of species diversity or biological diversity – popularly referred to as biodiversity – of an ecosystem has been hypothesized to contribute to greater resilience of the ecosystem as the biodiversity increases.
Mexico is one of the 18 countries of the world that have been defined as “megadiverse”. With over 200,000 different species, Mexico is home of 10–12% of the world’s biodiversity. Mexico ranks first in numbers of reptiles with 707 known species, second in mammals with 438 species, fourth in amphibians with 290 species, and fourth in flora, with 26,000 different species. Mexico also ranks first in number of species of cactus.
Mexico as a whole has been graced with an unusually temperate climate year-round given its tropical setting. The rainy season occurs during the Mexican summer and has a very moderating effect on day-time temperatures. Even though the rain rarely lasts more than an hour, and typically occurs at night, the cooling effect lasts well into the next afternoon. Extreme temperatures are found only in the North and in Baja, both of which have deserts, where the temperature goes above 100F. The mountainous or desert terrain of much of the country produce low night time temperatures which also help keep daytime temperatures moderate.
A number of interesting archeological zones have been discovered around the Lake Chapala area. While they require a bit of sleuthing to find, they reveal interesting facts about the ancient peoples who populated the area.