ANITA'S ANIMAL CORNER
"Emergengy First Aid"
By Jean Sutherland
aid should be a temporary measure to control life-threatening problems
and provide some relief while veterinary care is sought.
Handling: Any injured dog may bite.
Tie something around the animals nose so that it cannot bite. Make a
loop and place it over the dogs muzzle and tie, bring the ends
down around the muzzle, cross them and bring the ends behind the ears
and tie. If the dog cannot walk, make a stretcher out of a coat, blanket,
Bandaging: Apply cloth to the wound
and wrap a strip bandage around the injured area. Sufficient pressure
can be applied to stop bleeding. Loosen the bandage every fifteen minutes
to allow blood to flow through the wound.
Administering Medication: Liquids:
With the head of the dog held at an angle of approximately thirty degrees,
pull out the lip fold at the side of the muzzle to form a pouch and
pour the liquid in slowly. As it runs through the teeth, the dog is
able to swallow it. Do not pour too much, too quickly, because the dog
Tourniquets: In cases of severe
laceration of limbs or tail, it may be necessary to apply a tourniquet
to control blood loss. Wrap a piece of cloth or bandage above the wound
and tie securely. Wrap or twist tight with a stick. It is advisable
to loosen the tourniquet every ten to fifteen minutes to allow circulation
to the area and prevent tissue death from lack of oxygen.
Heatstroke: This is truly a tragedy
of the summer months and is the product of neglect. Dogs should never
be left unattended in direct sunlight or in closed vehicles in hot weather.
Clinical signs of heatstroke include panting, hyper-salivation, fever,
shock, unconsciousness, and death. Immediately immerse the dog in cool
water to lower his body temperature. Monitor this with a rectal thermometer,
bring the temperature to within the normal range, but do not lower it
Burns: For a burn, any household
preparation that you have may be used. For an acid burn, use a paste
of bicarbonate of soda (baking soda). Burns become infected very easily
so watch closely, even superficial burns can become quite serious.
Poisoning: If you suspect your
dog has ingested a poisonous substance, attempt to induce vomiting.
This can be achieved by administering hydrogen peroxide (about two tablespoonfuls),
or by applying a teaspoon of salt on the back of his tongue. As many
poisons have specific antidotes, take a sample of the substance with
the dog to your veterinarian.
Shock: Shock can follow almost
any type of severe injury. The clinical signs include shallow breathing,
pale grey-colored mucous membranes, glassy eyes, dilated pupils, and
collapse. Keep the dog warm by wrapping him in a blanket and place hot
water bottles around him.
Bleeding: Deep Wounds: A severed
artery spurts in time with the heart beat and produces bright
red blood. Blood escaping from a lacerated vein will be much darker
in color and will ooze. A tourniquet will be required to control bleeding
from a severed artery. A pressure bandage will usually suffice for cut
Eye Infections: To soothe inflamed
eyes, wash out any discharge present with a solution of boracic acid
or warm water. Do not use salt and water. Apply an eye ointment on the
advice of a veterinarian.
Diarrhea: This common complaint
has a number of causes. Simple diarrhea can be treated by feeding a
bland diet, such as boiled white rice mixed half and half with boiled
lean meat, or cooked eggs. Human preparations, available at any pharmacy,
may also be administered. If diarrhea persists for more than two or
three days, consult your veterinarian.
Now that our Sun-birds are arriving they
are bringing new paperbacks with them. Check them out at the market
every Wednesday in Ajijic. If you have friends or family coming down,
please ask them to bring a favorite paperback book with them. We need
to update all the time.